Z. Naturforsch. 2013, 68b, 1108 – 1122
Substitution of Conventional High-temperature Syntheses of Inorganic Compounds by Near-room-temperature Syntheses in Ionic Liquids
Matthias F. Groh1, Ulrike Müller1, Ejaz Ahmed1,2, Alexander Rothenberger2, and Michael Ruck1,3
1 Fachrichtung Chemie und Lebensmittelchemie, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany
2 Solar and Photovoltaics Engineering Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Thuwal, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Nöthnitzer Straße 40, 01187 Dresden, Germany
Reprint requests to Prof. Dr. Michael Ruck. Fax: +49-351-463-37287. E-mail: michael.ruck@tu-dresden.de
Received June 3, 2013 / published online October 4, 2013
The high-temperature syntheses of the low-valent halogenides P2I4, Te2Br, α-Te4I4, Te4(Al2Cl7)2, Te4(Bi6Cl20), Te8(Bi4Cl14), Bi8(AlCl4)2, Bi6Cl7, and Bi6Br7, as well as of WSCl4 and WOCl4 have been replaced by resource-efficient low-temperature syntheses in room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). The simple one-pot syntheses generally do not require elaborate equipment such as two-zone furnaces or evacuated silica ampoules. Compared to the published conventional approaches, reduction of reaction time (up to 80 %) and temperature (up to 500 K) and, simultaneously, an increase in yield were achieved. In the majority of cases, the solid products were phase-pure. X-Ray diffraction on single crystals (redetermination of 11 crystal structures) has demonstrated that the quality of the crystals from RTILs is comparable to that of products obtained by chemical transport reactions.
Key words: Cluster Compounds, Ionic Liquids, Low-valent Compounds, Resource-efficient Synthesis, Sustainable Chemistry
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